THETRANCE – Transnational Healing: Therapeutic Trajectories in Spiritual Trance
Researcher: Dr Emily Pierini
EU Funding. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 895395.
Partner institutions. Sapienza University of Rome, Department of History, Anthropology, Religions, Art, and Performing Arts (Prof. Pino Schirripa; Prof. Alessandro Lupo); Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil, Department of Social Anthropology (Prof. Alberto Groisman; Prof. Vânia Zikan Cardoso); and University of Oxford, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology (Prof. Ramon Sarró).
Collaborations. Prof. Roger Canals, University of Barcelona, Spain, advisor for the visual ethnography section.
CRIA, Centro em Rede de Investigação em Antropologia, Lisbon, Portugal (Dr Anna Fedele).
The Project. THETRANCE is an anthropological study investigating therapeutic spiritual trance in a transnational perspective. It analyses how people learn and narrate about spiritual trance, with what kinds of consistencies and differences across cultures, and how trance-based healing practices may be relevant for therapeutic purposes.
Through an approach that combines social and medical anthropology, and the anthropology of religion, drawing parallels with research in psychology and psychiatry, THETRANCE focuses upon specific cases of people learning spiritual trance for therapeutic purposes, for physical and mental health and to recover from substance addictions. The methodology is grounded in a multi-sited comparative ethnographic research in temples of the Spiritualist Christian Order Vale do Amanhecer (Valley of the Dawn) in Brazil, the United States, and Europe. Firstly, it examines the transnational mobility of practices and concepts related to spiritual healing and trance. Secondly, it compares the use of trance-based healing practices in people’s therapeutic trajectories between spirituality and biomedicine in North and South America, and Europe. And thirdly, it investigates the role of religious/spiritual learning in patients' well-being.
THETRANCE is innovative in combining the analysis of therapeutic trajectories between spirituality and biomedicine with the focus upon the process of learning spiritual trance through a transnational perspective. In doing so, it unsettles the pathological reductions of spiritual trance to understand how these experiences are rather used therapeutically.
Assistant Professor (RTD-B) and Marie Curie Fellow in Anthropology at Sapienza University of Rome, visiting Professor at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, and Affiliate of the School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford. She holds a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Bristol with a research on spirit mediumship in Brazilian Spiritualist Christian Order Vale do Amanhecer, which received the Royal Anthropological Institute’s Sutasoma Award. She has conducted ethnographic research in the temples of the Vale do Amanhecer (Brazil and Europe), in Afro-Brazilian religions (Brazil), and on Goddess Spirituality (UK and Italy).
Her work addresses spirit mediumship and possession, embodied knowledge, healing, religious experience and learning, body and self, emotions and senses, and transnational religions. Author of the book Jaguars of the Dawn: Spirit Mediumship in the Brazilian Vale do Amanhecer (2020, Berghahn), and several chapters and journal articles. She is co-coordinator with Alberto Groisman of ‘HEAL - Network for the Ethnography of Healing’.
13-14 December 2021 Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (THETRANCE Partner University), online sessions open to the public
Questions for the roundtable discussion between anthropologists, psychologists, and spiritual healing practitioners in Brazil:
• How do mediumistic trance practices inform therapeutic experiences and health?
• How can we promote dialogues and communication between people who work in different fields of knowledge such as the sciences, humanities and religions?
• What kind of categories can intervene in the dialogue between different fields of knowledge?
This workshop session brings together two ethnographic films focusing upon trance and healing rituals in a transnational perspective: Maria Líonza’s rituals in Venezuela and Spain filmed by Roger Canals, and Caboclos Nkisis worship between Cuba and Brazil filmed by Ana Stela Cunha.
While addressing spiritual trance transnationally, these films raise a key theoretical issue of ethnographic film (and anthropology in general): how are the filmmaker’s body and technological devices the ethnographer uses during research involved within the ritual, thus, transforming it? And how may this subjectivity be reflected in the film during the editing process?
As filmmakers we know that we do not only film reality, but we transform it by filming it. So, how can our presence alter the development of the ritual? Can (or should) cinema intervene in the healing process (especially if it has a transnational dimension)? In this regard, filming the manifestation of spirits in rituals often poses some ethical questions, such as: How do we get permission to film from human and non-human agents intervening in the ritual? And how do we visualize this "pact" with others in the film? In methodological terms, both films have had to face technical challenges, such as filming when there is a lack of light, or when participants use substances that can damage technical devices. These challenges will be discussed during the session.
This workshop aims to offer a multi-perspective view upon trance and healing in visual ethnography by examining both its practice and the conceptual and ethical issues it addresses.
Watch the recordings on YouTube: https://youtu.be/B2klxy9PEE8
17-18 June 2022, School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford
05/05/2021 'Substance and Evanescence: Transe and Incorporation in Spiritual Healing', Inaugural Lecture of the Postgraduate Programme in Social Anthropology at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brazil. Approaches to the study of spirit mediumship, trance and possession, European Spiritualism and media technologies of the 19th century, spiritual healing in the Vale do Amanhecer, and the ethnographer's embodied ways of knowing.
Watch the Inaugural Lecture on YouTube: https://youtu.be/cXxixAMrMfs
10/06/2021 'Transnational Spiritual Healing in the Vale do Amanhecer' presented by Emily Pierini at the Ethnography and Qualitative Research Conference 2021, Trento, Italy (online)
03/08/2021 WORKSHOP: Religion At Home: Reconfiguring Healing Spaces During Pandemic Times
Convenors: Joana Bahia (Universidade Estadual de Rio de Janeiro), Emily Pierini (Sapienza University of Rome), Giovanna Capponi (Musée du quai Branly / University of Roehampton).
Discussants: Alberto Groisman and Vânia Cardoso (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)
Hosted by Universidade do Estado de Rio de Janeiro (Online)
02/09/2021 'Trajetórias Terapêuticas Transnacionais: O Vale do Amanhecer na Europa' presented by Emily Pierini at the ABRE2021 Congress (Associação de Brasilianistas na Europa), Prague (Online).
23/09/2021 'Experience as a Path to Consilience? Healing and Mediumistic Trance in Brazilian Spiritism' presented by Emily Pierini at the III Congress of the Italian Society of Cultural Anthropology at Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
11/11/2021 'Substances, Healing and Multisensory Imagery in Brazilian Mediumistic Trance', Invited Lecture at the Autumn School 'Dialogues with Magic', Saka, Estonia (Online)
05/11/2021 'Healing, Transnationalism and the Transhistorical Self of the Vale do Amanhecer', paper presented at the Virtual Conference 'Spiritual Historicities: Exploring micro-historical practices and alternative temporal directions in contemporary religiosities', Pontificia University Catolica de Chile (Online)
This website is part of the project THETRANCE that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 895395